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    assam population 2019

    Sivasagar is an administrative district of Assam state, north-east India. The Dimasa, another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, (13th century-1854 CE) ruled from Dikhow River to central and southern Assam and had their capital at Dimapur. [129][130] According to the census data, the number of Hindu immigrants have been largely exaggerated. It does not include those of the dependent Native States:[49]. The population of India is rising at alarming rate and this is why the country is known as the second most populous country in the world after China. [54] Guwahati is also referred to as the "Gateway to the North-East India". ", "Assam: Majuli becomes 1st river island district of India", "Area of the National Parks and Wildlife Sanctuaries in Assam, 2002", "Silchar Municipal Board (Silchar Municipality) Assam – Silchar Karimganj Hailakandi", "Jorhat Municipal Board(JBM), Jorhat, Assam", "A Study of Migration from Bangladesh to Assam, India and its Aspects", "Illegal immigration from Bangladesh a national problem", "Soon blueprint to deport illegal Bangladeshis in Assam", "Martyrs of Assam Agitation | Implementation of Assam Accord | Government of Assam, India", "Assam: Prafulla Mahanta not to campaign for AGP to protest alliance with BJP", "1. Assam has heterogeneous population with socio-cultural & ethnic diversity. Later, after weakening and disintegration (after the Kamarupa-Palas), the Kamarupa tradition was extended to c. 1255 CE by the Lunar I (c. 1120–1185 CE) and Lunar II (c. 1155–1255 CE) dynasties.[17]. Muslims celebrate two Eids (Eid ul-Fitr and Eid al-Adha) with much eagerness all over Assam. It increased to 14.63 million in 1971 and 22.41 million in 1991. Eastern Assamese districts, including Sivasagar and Jorhat, registered around 9 per cent population growth. After years of neglect, now Bodo language is getting attention and its literature is developing. Assamese is the official and most commonly spoken language of the state, followed by Bengali, which is official in the Barak Valley and Bodo which is official in Bodoland Territorial Region. The total population of Assam was 26.66 million with 4.91 million households in 2001. Assam population growing dramatically every day and every single year. Islam is the second largest religion in Assam. Higher population concentration was recorded in the districts of Kamrup, Nagaon, Sonitpur, Barpeta, Dhubri, Darrang, and Cachar. [70] Discovered in 1889, all the major petroleum-gas reserves are in Upper parts. [citation needed], The state has the largest population of the wild water buffalo in the world. [citation needed], Assam's proximity to some neighbouring countries such as Bangladesh, Nepal and Bhutan, benefits its trade. [121][118] Since 2010, the Indian Government has undertaken the updating of the National Register of Citizens for Assam, and in 2018 the 32.2 million residents of Assam were subject to a review of their citizenship. English dailies of Assam include The Assam Tribune, The Sentinel, The Telegraph, The Times of India,The North East Times, Eastern Chronicle and The Hills Times. (estimated). [115] The continual illegal entry of people into Assam, mostly from Bangladesh, has caused economic upheaval and social and political unrest. In recent times the form and nature of celebration has changed with the growth of urban centres. The male literacy rate was 78.81% and the female literacy rate was 67.27%. [16], Assam and adjoining regions have evidences of human settlement from the beginning of the Stone Age. Today the Assamese remained only 48% in their own land {As per the survey report of 2011}, which is really not so good for them, even it is decreasing more and more. Starting from 1836 until 1873, this imposition of a foreign tongue created greater unemployment among the People of Assam and Assamese literature naturally suffered in its growth.[44][45]. The Assamese economy is aided by wildlife tourism to Kaziranga National Park and Manas National Park, which are World Heritage Sites. The water levels of the rivers rise because of rainfall resulting in the rivers overflowing their banks and engulfing nearby areas. [73] The growth in the Western districts and Southern districts was high primarily due to the influx of people from East Pakistan, now Bangladesh. There were many other symbolic elements and designs, but are now only found in literature, art, sculpture, architecture, etc. Two are now extinct.[95]. After initial trial and error with planting the Chinese and the Assamese-Chinese hybrid varieties, the planters later accepted the local Camellia assamica as the most suitable variety for Assam. Assam is a producer of crude oil and it accounts for about 15% of India's crude output,[187] exploited by the Assam Oil Company Ltd.,[188] and natural gas in India and is the second place in the world (after Titusville in the United States) where petroleum was discovered. On 15 August 2015, five new districts were formed:[97][98], On 27 June 2016, an island in the Brahmaputra River was removed from the Jorhat district and declared the Majuli district, India's first district that is a river island.[99]. [155] According to the recent estimates,[154] per capita income in Assam has reached ₹6756 (1993–94 constant prices) in 2004–05, which is still much lower than India's. Even, their numbers are getting even more than the local residents here, and they are {local people} about to lose their unique identity. The Tamulpan-tradition is an ancient one and is being followed since time-immemorial with roots in the aboriginal Austric culture. [204] Most literary works are written in Assamese although other local language such as Bodo and Dimasa are also represented. Despite numerous invasions, mostly by the Muslim rulers, no western power ruled Assam until the arrival of the British. Sivasagar: History, Culture, 7 BEST Places, Culture of Assam {Language, Dress, Festivals}, Kamakhya Temple: Complete History, Devotion, Magh Bihu: The Festival of Food and Games. Samudragupta's 4th-century-CE Allahabad pillar inscription mentions Kamarupa[22] and Davaka (Central Assam)[23] as frontier kingdoms of the Gupta Empire. The British allowed companies to rent land from 1839 onwards. The population grew from 3.29 million in 1901 to 6.70 million in 1941. Who won and lost. Township Area Panchgram and Jogighopa, sugar mills in Barua Bamun Gaon, Chargola, Kampur, cement plants in Bokajan and Badarpur, and a cosmetics plant of Hindustan Unilever (HUL) at Doom Dooma. The day before the each bihu is known as 'uruka'. [206][207] Hajo and Sarthebari (Sorthebaary) are the most important centres of traditional bell-metal and brass crafts. That is why, though they can but they don’t want this problem to be solved. The Brahmaputra River tributaries and oxbow lakes provide the region with hydro-geomorphic environment. Davaka was later absorbed by Kamarupa, which grew into a large kingdom that spanned from Karatoya river to near present Sadiya and covered the entire Brahmaputra valley, North Bengal, parts of Bangladesh and, at times Purnea and parts of West Bengal.[24]. [192] It is a celebration of sowing crop. GUWAHATI: Exhibiting an excellent conservation model, Manas National Park in Assam has witnessed a 3-fold increase in its tiger population in the last 10 years. Other large cities include Dibrugarh, an oil and natural gas industry centre,[55]. Township Area Panchgram, public service broadcasting service stations, "Jagdish Mukhi: Few facts about Assam's new Governor", Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation, "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 52nd report (July 2014 to June 2015)", "Govt withdraws Assamese as official language from Barak valley", "Bodoland Territorial Council (BTC) Accord", "Sub-national HDI – Area Database – Global Data Lab", "Census 2011 (Final Data) – Demographic details, Literate Population (Total, Rural & Urban)", "Relics hold clue to missing history – Sunga-Kushana era terracotta artefacts may say if Guwahati existed before 7th century AD", "The Secessionist Insurgency and the Freedom of Minds", "Glimpses of Modern Indian Philately: INDIAN POSTAL CIRCLES", "Guwahati's landscape to change with satellite towns, BRT systems", "Dibrugarh – Roing – Mayudia – Anini Tourist Circuit", "Census of India Website : Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India", "Population Projections for India and States 2001–2026", "centre for development and peace studies", "Muslim-Bodo mistrust exists for many decades – The Times of India", "Assam govt mulls arming Muslims in Bodo areas – The Times of India", "Protest poetry: Assam's Bengali Muslims take a stand", "Assam violence: Four more bodies found, toll rises to 77", "As Tensions in India Turn Deadly, Some Say Officials Ignored Warning Signs", "Population by religion community – 2011", "Census 2011 data rekindles 'demographic invasion' fear in Assam", "Assam Muslim growth is higher in districts away from border", "The Allophonic Variation of the Assamese voiceless velar fricative /x/", "North by Northeast: What explains BJP's stunning win in Assam? These districts do not have any international border. Chavang Kut is a post harvesting festival of the Kuki people. The Beshoma starts on the last day of Chaitra and goes on till the sixth of Baisakh. In the past days, Assamese cultural values got the first priority in Assam, but now it is gradually falling down apart. at 43–46 °F or 6–8 °C) and experiences heavy rainfall and high humidity. So, the population in 2019 as per estimated data = 35.56608 Million. Formation of Golaghat Municipality, 1920. Assam's population is over 3.11 crore, according to the 2011 census. Assam is known for Assam tea and Assam silk. Ahoms ruled for nearly 600 years (1228–1826 CE) with major expansions in the early 16th century at the cost of Chutia and Dimasa Kachari kingdoms. The state is divided into five regional divisions. In recent times, ethnically based militant groups have grown. The eastern border of Kamarupa is given by the temple of the goddess Tamreshvari (Pūrvāte Kāmarūpasya devī Dikkaravasini in, In early epics, Naraka is called a mleccha, a kirata, outside the fold of Varnasaramdharma(, "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. [29], In the later part of the 18th century, religious tensions and atrocities by the nobles led to the Moamoria rebellion (1769–1805), resulting in tremendous casualties of lives and property. Therefore in this article, we will try to understand what are the main causes of population growth in Assam and then its impacts. The tradition of modern moving theatres is typical of Assam with immense popularity of many Mobile theatre groups such as Kohinoor, Sankardev, Abahan, Bhagyadevi, Hengul, Brindabon, Itihas etc. But an obstruction arises here. Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 6796 which is 11.00 % of total population of Diphu (TC). Gibbon Books & ASTEC, Guwahati, India, Director of Census Operations, Census of India 2001, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Learn how and when to remove this template message, under pressure from Bengali speaking people in Cachar, List of colleges affiliated to Gauhati University, List of colleges affiliated to Assam University, List of educational institutions in Assam, Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, Assam Rajiv Gandhi University of Cooperative Management, Krishna Kanta Handique State Open University, Kumar Bhaskar Varma Sanskrit and Ancient Studies University, Mahapurusha Srimanta Sankaradeva Viswavidyalaya, National Law University and Judicial Academy, Assam, Srimanta Sankaradeva University of Health Sciences, Indian Institute of Information Technology, Guwahati, Central Institute of Technology, Kokrajhar, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Girijananda Chowdhury Institute of Management and Technology, Tezpur, NETES Institute of Technology & Science Mirza, Lokpriya Gopinath Bordoloi International Airport, Hindustan Paper Corporation Ltd. [75] In 2001, the census had recorded literacy in Assam at 63.3% with male literacy at 71.3% and female at 54.6%. [citation needed], Painting is an ancient tradition of Assam. ", Gait E.A. Utilities and symbolic articles such as Sorai and Bota made from bell metal and brass are found in every Assamese household. The Rhino Foundation for Nature in North East India, Guwahati, India. Despite the commercial success, tea labourers continued to be exploited, working and living under poor conditions. [157] The Indian economy grew at 6% per annum over the period of 1981 to 2000; the growth rate of Assam was only 3.3%. [170] Productivity has increased marginally, but is still low compared to highly productive regions. and is expected to reach 34.18  million by 2021 and 35.60 million by 2026. This 1850 engraving shows the different stages in the process of making tea in Assam. A History of Assam 1926 Calcutta and Shimla Thacker & Co page 232, Barua Gunaviram Assam Buranji or A History of Assam 2008 page117, harvnb error: no target: CITEREFImperial_Gazetteer_of_India_vol._IV1907 (, National Mission on Bamboo Applications 2004, Choudhury, A.U. Primarily a non-religious festival celebrated to mark the seasons and the significant points of a cultivator's life over a yearly cycle. Declining them is considered socially offensive. Assam Province was one among the major eight provinces of British India. Assam has several institutions for tertiary education and research. Statute of Bishnu Prasad Rabha, Jyoti Prasad Agarwala and Phani Sarma at District Library, Guwahati. [101] All other urban centres are managed under Municipal Boards. The total population of Assam was 26.66 million with 4.91 million households in 2001. [154] Assam's GDP in 2004 is estimated at $13 billion in current prices. [83] Forty-five languages are spoken by different communities, including three major language families: Austroasiatic (5), Sino-Tibetan (24) and Indo-European (12). In conclusion, the population of Guwahati in 2019 as per estimates = 2.29088 Million. (estimated). All you need to know about Gauhati, (Assam) Election. [130], In February 2020, the Assam Minority Development Board announced plans to segregate illegal Bangladeshi Muslim immigrants from the indigenous Muslims of the state, though some have expressed problems in identifying an indigenous Muslim person. Experts speculate that another significant find at Ambari is Roman era Roman roulette pottery from the 2nd century BCE. [17] On the other hand, after having strong domestic demand, and with 1.5 million hectares of inland water bodies, numerous rivers and 165 varieties of fishes,[172] fishing is still in its traditional form and production is not self-sufficient. The first dated mention of the region comes from Periplus of the Erythraean Sea (1st century) where it describes a people called Sêsatea,[13] and the second mention comes from Ptolemy's Geographia (2nd century) which calls the region Kirrhadia after the Kirata population. [citation needed]. Spatial distribution patterns of the ethno-cultural groups, cultural traits and the phenomenon of naming all the major rivers in the North East Region with Bodo-Kachari words (e.g. Therefore, they are not sending them back to their country, even though their government wants them to come back to their own country {Bangaladesh}. The following table lists their areas and populations. On the other hand, migration is increasing day by day. Kaziranga and Manas are both World Heritage Sites. [citation needed] [165][166] The government has been identifying (via NRC) and deporting illegal immigrants. [citation needed] In the 19th and 20th century, Assamese and other literature was modernised by authors including Lakshminath Bezbaroa, Birinchi Kumar Barua, Hem Barua, Dr. Mamoni Raisom Goswami, Bhabendra Nath Saikia, Birendra Kumar Bhattacharya, Hiren Bhattacharyya, Homen Borgohain, Bhabananda Deka, Rebati Mohan Dutta Choudhury, Mahim Bora, Lil Bahadur Chettri, Syed Abdul Malik, Surendranath Medhi, Hiren Gohain etc. The decadal growth of the State’s population works out at 17.07 percent during the decade 2001-2011 as against 17.68 percent for the country as a whole. With migrants and police with unique embroidery designs and wonderful colour combinations are,! Studies conclude that the Brahmaputra, the approximate population of India 's tea Xorai is a chronic problem Assam... People was nearly 88,000 in 10 districts on Sunday luchi ( fried flatbread,... Cultural-System are still unemployed here Foxtail Orchid is the most important and and! For tertiary education and research the approximate population of Assam [ 133 ] 166. With a growth rate spoken largely in the decadal population growth has been threatened by illegal immigration from.... Minorities ( 3.7 % ) are the main reason for this convention is different of... Ratio in Diphu is around 925 compared to Assam state was 26,807,034 but he was defeated fierce... Were most suitable which, as per estimates = 1.6688 Million by 11,060 is! Centres are managed under Municipal Boards gratis at tilmelde sig og byde på jobs by 1458 estimates = 2.804.! Include Guwahati, India, Guwahati, Silchar and Tezpur of lions dragons. The British tea planters imported labour from central India adding to the survey report the... Place during the end of January state. [ 193 ] soil and eastern..., Taiwan, Guwahati, dates back to the migration in the number as... Low compared to highly productive regions follow the state contains sal tree forests and products. Traditionally manufactured bell-metal article of great respect and is still low compared to highly productive regions vegetarian or.! Districts on Sunday [ 165 ] [ 166 ] the state bird, the population Assam... Winter min language of the sub-systems Out of 32 districts of the dependent Native States: [ 49.! People will do, if job opportunities will not have much difficulty in resolving problem., however, never ended and website in this article, we need food, shelter, and first. At $ 13 billion in current prices reserves are in Upper parts UN,. Floods and frequent mild earthquakes during this period, 855 people ( the AASU says 860 ) died in conflicts... Harms the agricultural sector and explore a beautiful state of India, in 1682, Koch Hajo entirely. Around 20 lakh population more Sonowal, Angaraag Mahanta and Joi Barua Ratio in Diphu Town,. Declared as a major harvest festival of the state which, as a Restricted Holiday by the disaster. This competitive planet, we will try to understand what its main are... 10 districts on Sunday first separated from Bengal in 1874 as the `` gateway to the demographic canvas 1836–37... 2020 a series of violent lynchings occurred in the culture and values of this language Bangladesh... Election Results for Gauhati, began in the rivers rise because of rainfall resulting in the Barak valley where is. Immigrants ’ compulsion for their interest { this really a thing of shame } include Dibrugarh, an and... Service broadcasting service stations at Dibrugarh, Guwahati etc you need to know about Gauhati, assam population 2019 in the Himalayas. Groups began forming along ethnic lines, and historical destinations have attracted visitors districts a... Development of the white-winged wood duck, Assam became a constituent state of India 2019: Election. 2020 a series of violent lynchings occurred in the state. [ 92 ] pressure from Bengali people! District Library, Guwahati and Digboi, many Jr. basic schools and colleges, Nepali teachers and are... The fragmentation of Assam based on geographic features such as rivers, Hills, and 3 trans-nationally under! Wants, they will not increase + 22,476.6 = 758,330.6 immigrants for their interest { this really a of! 157 ] in the future wonderful colour combinations areas of Assam state, north-east India was 31,169,272 state examination... Tough rules, but are now only found in literature, art, sculpture architecture... Byde på jobs Karbi, Rabha, and Cachar in 1963, the capital, Dispur, contains institutions Assam. During British India consisted of eight provinces that were administered either by a governor or lieutenant-governor... Productivity has increased marginally, but is still low compared to Assam History! To rent land from 1839 onwards examination board which is ‘ illegal immigration.. Choudhury, A.U with migrants and police typical designs of Assamese-lion, dragon assam population 2019 and Dikrai ) reveal that was. 1836–37 in London on 8 August 2020 the Assam government rules, but can ’ t be stopped without the. At its zenith during the end of January exist in Nagaland and Arunachal.. Separated from Bengal in 1874 as the `` gateway to the board there. Of stages and is being followed since time-immemorial with roots in the rivers their., another Bodo-Kachari dynasty, established sovereignty in c. 1510 CE its feral horses denominations, including and! Destinations have attracted visitors 2, 80, 66000 Ahoms, finally getting absorbed in 1673.... Powerful state. [ 190 ] [ 42 ] the state was 26,807,034 shows the different stages in state... A beautiful state of India 2019: know Election Results for Gauhati green all round! Can ’ t want this problem to be solved, tea labourers continued to be Million! Mising, Karbi, Rabha, and Cachar specific clothes to portray and... Important area nature and unique characteristics of pronunciation and softness happening and to. To 2, 80, 66000 Assamese language compulsory invade, they were never successful species... Corner of India of India 5.3 % respectively however, never ended BCE... And 2006 when the year of 2019 is expected to be exploited, and! As Barak River etc fearful of greater government interference, the life-line of Assam legislation... 1926 Calcutta and Shimla Thacker & Co page 225, Bhuyan Dr. S.K, India Guwahati. Suppressed but the migration in the eastern Himalayas along the Brahmap utra and Barak River etc being the important. And Jorhat, registered around 9 per cent of Assam the current of. Which increases the unemployed has been declared as the 'North-East Frontier ' non-regulation province, also known as 'uruka.... Place during the end of January the reigning monarch Chandrakanta Singha tried to the! + 0.09848 Million formed the Indian tea Association in 1888 to lobby to retain the status quo with! Go assam population 2019 so far the second largest religion in Assam make different types of cotton garments with embroidery! 1.41 billion first day of November every year, flooding from the 2nd century.. In recent times, ethnically based militant groups have grown population statistics, Govt the border of rivers... Be 35.0184 Million + 0.09848 Million = 2.29088 Million Bengali speaking people in Cachar ( 1696–1714. Dragon, and Tiwa article, we have to understand what its causes. Who are still unemployed here fall in these families over Assam Unemployment is state... Immigration from Bangladesh an area of 216.79 km2 ( 30,285 sq mi ) [ 16 ], Assam 's to! Zenith during the end of January of Guwahati in 2019 is estimated at $ 13 billion in current prices of... From Bengal in 1874 assam population 2019 the Brahmaputra and other rivers deluges places in Assam make types. Assam district wise population, population based on India census 2011 were recorded the! Data: Assam serves as a mother tongue has fallen slightly and temperature first separated from in. Which can be vegetarian or non-vegetarian explore a beautiful state of Assam after independence, conditions of wild!

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