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    185th paratroopers division folgore

    The 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore (Italian: 185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore") is an artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in airborne operations. During WWII the 186th Paratroopers Regiment Folgore was part of the 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore of the Italian Army. The entire wiki with photo and video galleries for each article During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division was under attack from three British divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. [1], By 1939 there were two Libyan Paratroopers Battalions. 185th Engineer Company The Division had an approximate force of 3000 men. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the Paratroopers Brigade Folgore in Pisa. The regiment was raised in March 1942 to support the Paratroopers of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". The Folgore Division was -sadly- used as line infantry in the trench war down in el-Qattara sandholes, Africa. The combat group was equipped with British materiel and uniforms and fought as part of the British XIII Corps in Italian Campaign. The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules - the planned Axis invasion of Malta. Each Paratroopers Artillery Group fielded one Headquarters and two Paratroopers Artillery Batteries armed with 47/32 M35 cannons. After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army decided to rename the battalions in the brigade as regiments for historical reasons. However, the four divisions attacking the Folgore positions in the south, had also been given breakthrough objectives, that they did not reach. Menu. [2], In July 1940 first paratroopers units were established: I Paratroopers Royal Carabinieri Battalion and II and III Paratroopers Battalions; in Spring 1941 the IV Battalion, the Anti-tank Cannons Company and the 1st Paratroopers Regiment were established. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two. The army's history dates back to the unification of Italy in the 1850s and 1860s. After the war the combat group became the Folgore Mechanized Division, which was disbanded on 31 October 1986. At El-Alamein, throughout several engagements, the paratroopers were either able to drive back the attacks or, when the enemy had been successful in completely wiping out the first line of outposts, to reform again, usually counterattacking. After the end of the Cold War the Italian Army decided to rename the battalions in the brigade as regiments for historical reasons. In June 1942 the divisions name was changed to 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. 186th Folgore is a Infantry in Kards - The WWII CCG. The screenwriter and military advisor was Marcantonio Bragadin. Folgore Division Description. The so-called “six-days run” or battle of Alam Halfa saw the first employment of Folgore which was employed directly aside with panzers of DAK (remember that division was not motorized and advanced by feet….) The activity abroad of 185th Regiment, after the World War II, began with the first overseas mission of the Italian Army in 1982: a battery participated in the mission in Lebanon. However, all that was achieved at a high cost of life and equipment was a small salient, which was soon recaptured by the Folgore. Military units similar to or like Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" Airborne brigade of the Italian Army. This is the talk page for discussing improvements to the 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore article. [2], After quarrels,[2] in 1937 paratroopers schools were assigned by law to the Regia Aeronautica. Military units similar to or like Paratroopers Brigade "Folgore" Airborne brigade of the Italian Army. Metadaten. ; Assume good faith In 2013, the 185th regiment was "doubled": the 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore" was reconstituted with men and materiel of the 33rd Field Artillery Regiment "Acqui" in Bracciano (RM) and entered the Folgore Parachute Brigade, while the 185th RAO "Folgore" entered the Italian special operations command COMFOSE. In 1941, a Parachutist division was completed and was designated the 185th Parachute Division Folgore. Its core units were three mechanized brigades. The division's history begins on 25 September 1944 with the formation of the Combat Group "Folgore" of the Italian Co-Belligerent Army with soldiers from the disbanded 184th Paratroopers Division "Nembo".The name of the combat group was chosen in commemoration of the bravery of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore", which fought to annihilation in the Second Battle … The army's history dates back to the unification of Italy in the 1850s and 1860s. [2], The 2-months[2] Instructors course began in March 1940. The division was formed in 1941 and was sent to North Africa where it fought with the Axis in the Western Desert Campaign. ... the staff at Castelbenito was expanded into the School at Tarquinia and became the first elements of the future Division Folgore. 8° Reggimento Genio Guastatori Paracadutisti "Folgore" Paratrooper Training Center This article may require copy-editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone or spelling . : Put new text under old text. The Division was well equipped with modern automatic weapons (Beretta submachine gun, Breda M37 and Breda M38 heavy machine guns) and many support weapons, giving the paratroopers of the division a good firepower against infantry and light tanks, but without any transports or medium and heavy artillery. Initially the division was made up of the following units: Each Paratroopers Infantry Battalion fielded one Headquarters and three Paratroopers Infantry Companies. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two. Wikipedia. The division was sent to Africa and fought in the Battle of El Alamein with the following structure:[11]. During the Second battle of El Alamein the Folgore Division was under attack from three British divisions 44th (Home Counties) Infantry Division, 50th (Northumbrian) Infantry Division, 7th Armoured Division, and the 1st Free French Brigade. On 1 January 1963 the Italian Army raised the Paratroopers Brigade Folgore in Pisa. Land-based component of the Italian Armed Forces of the Italian Republic. 185th Mortar Company 185th Engineer Company The Division had an approximate force of 3000 men. All of their main attacks, in the end, came through the minefields. The division was intended to be used in Operation Hercules - the planned Axis invasion of Malta. This article is about the historic Italian 185th Paratroopers Division Folgore. The Folgore is one of three light infantry brigades of the Italian Army. Direct and immediate origins of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore" lie in the Paratroopers units formed in the wake of the breaking out of the World War Two.In 1938 Marshal of the Air Force Italo Balbo established the Camp-School for Paratrooper of the Libyan Troops under the command of Lieutenant Colonel Goffredo Tonini and stationed at the airport of Castel Benito near Tripoli. [5][6], Gold Medal for Military Honor given to the "Folgore" Division [1]. The 185th Regiment was the first unit involved in the national operation "Vespri Siciliani", and immediately afterwards was sent into the operational cycles of Somalia, maintaining a mortar battery there. In June 1942, the division's name was changed to 185th Airborne Division Folgore and its regiments renumbered and renamed as well. The division was often known simply as la "Nembo". The Folgore used everything at their disposal including letting the enemy advance into a "cul-de-sac" and then launching a counterattack from all sides. The regiment was raised in March 1942 to support the Paratroopers of the 185th Paratroopers Division "Folgore". Its core units were three mechanized brigades. [2], At the beginning of the Italian participation in World War Two there were:[2], On 15 January 1941 both Libyan Paratroopers School and Libyan Paratroopers Battalion were assigned to the defence of El Fteiah airport (near Derna) with 850 troops (418 Italians and 432 Libyans). ; Sign your posts by typing four tildes (~~~~). The British attack began with an artillery barrage, followed by an all out assault by the 7th Armoured and 44th Infantry divisions. To the 185th were added the 183rd and 184th Parachutists Regiments. Finally on October 23rd, the "big" battle began, and the 7th Armoured Division overwhelmed the Folgore's most advanced positions. The artillery regiment fought at the Second Battle of El Alamein and was disbanded on 8 December 1942 because of the losses suffered.[6]. In the following days between 25 October and 4 November, the 50th, 7th, 44th divisions, 1st and 2nd Free French and the Royal Hellenic Brigades, supported by artillery and armour, failed to break through in the southern sector. The 185th Paratroopers Artillery Regiment "Folgore (Italian: 185° Reggimento Artiglieria Paracadutisti "Folgore") is an artillery regiment of the Italian Army, specializing in airborne operations. The few survivors, who managed to withdraw, were reorganized into the 285 Folgore Paratroopers Battalion and fought in Tunisia, they surrendered to the British in 1943, but without having to show a white flag and without having to raise their hands while surrendering. After the cancellation of the invasion of Malta the division was sent to the North African theater. But the British had effective mine-clearing task forces, flail tanks (the Scorpions) and Valentine tanks, and heavy artillery barrages to move behind. Airborne Division Folgore or 1. The division was then forwarded to Italian Libya to bolster Axis forces in the Western Desert campaign. Its core units are three battalions of paratroopers (paracadutisti). The division was formed on 1 September 1941 in Tarquinia, as the 1ª Divisione Paracadutisti. It was established as the Folgore Division in 1930s, and in 1970s it was downsized in order to generate the other Paratroopers Brigades and to fulfil at its best its special tasks. before the departing for North Africa the 185th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" and 187th Infantry Regiment "Folgore" switched units: the 185th ceded the more efficient II and IV to 187th, which in make adjustments to ceded the VIII and X to the 185th. The division served with distinction the Western Desert Campaign and was destroyed in November 1942 during the Second Battle of El Alamein. In this battle, paras had an important role in rejected British counter attacks in Himeimat sector. They forced the attackers to move slowly and to stick to the bottlenecks of the cleared pathways, often under observed artillery fire. Uckfield, UK: Naval & Military Press, p.46, G.Lunardi, P.Compagni "I paracadutisti Italiani 1937/45", Editrice Militare Italiana, Milano 1989, pag.41, Articles with unsourced statements from February 2014, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, Military units and formations established in 1941, Military units and formations disestablished in 1943, http://www.nembo.info/il_paracadutismo.htm, http://www.nembo.info/Paracadutismo/le_regie_scuole.htm, http://www.nembo.info/Paracadutismo/i_reparti.htm, https://www.webcitation.org/5gVUvVq8k?url=http://www.axishistory.com/index.php?id=4309, https://www.webcitation.org/5gVUvuBiC?url=http://www.avalanchepress.com/FolgoreAtAlamein.php, "American Historian Praises The Role Of The Folgore In North Africa", https://www.webcitation.org/5kArwytnu?url=http://www.avalanchepress.com/FolgoreAtAlamein.php, Harry Zinder's nov 16, 1942 report for TIME MAGAZINE, Parachute landing troops on Kefalonia. With a few survivors and some replacement, the 285º Battaglione Paracadutisti "Folgore", a battaillon-size unit commandeered by Captain Lombardini, was formed, and participated to the defense of the Mareth Line in Tunisia in mid 1943, particularly at the Battle of Takrouna, where it was destroyed. Between 2000 and 2013 the regiment was named 185th Paratroopers Reco… Notwithstanding the heavy casualties they suffered, and temporary British successes in occupying several positions in the first outpost line, they held their ground. Italian Army. Whenever the exit of the cleared track was within reach of one of the short-ranged Italian 47mm AT guns, it was easy to block the attack, provided that the first tank or two were disabled. Lang: en Folgore Division (Italian: Divisione Folgore) is a 1955 Italian war film directed by Duilio Coletti. Wikipedia. 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